Chancays are sweet, soft rolls, sprinkled with sesame seeds and flavored with a hint of anise. I found an article explaining that these rolls (sold everywhere in Lima) were invented and named by Don Manuel Santa Cruz, from the town of Chancay in Lima provence, in 1883.
The town of Chancay is itself named for the Chancay people, who were one of the early pre-Colonial civilizations in Peru. The Chancay lived in on the coast of Peru in the period before the Incan empire, around 1000-1500 AD.
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